Conditions / Diagnosis

Dr. Gandhi of Partners in Pelvic Health North Shore Urogynecology provides assistance for patients with pelvic organ prolapse, incontinence, bladder infections, and sexual dysfunction. In order to diagnose these conditions properly, he uses a variety of tools and tests.

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Typically, your doctor will begin with some common tests, which include:


A urine sample will be sent to a lab to check for microscopic (invisible to the naked eye) blood, signs of infection, and other abnormalities. A urine culture will screen for a bladder infection (UTI or urinary tract infection).

Bladder Diary

You may be asked to complete a 24-hour log of your fluid intake, urine output, and leakage episodes. Such a bladder diary helps the doctor understand how your bladder functions during your usual activities.

If additional information is needed, your doctor may recommend specialized testing. These tests may include:


You will be asked to urinate on a commode. The specialized equipment will measure urine output and urine flow.

Post-Void Residual Measurement (PVR)

After you urinate, an assistant will use a catheter to determine how much urine is left in your bladder. If there is a large amount remaining, there is possibly a problem with the muscles or nerves of the bladder or some type of urinary tract obstruction.

Stress Test

In this test, you will be asked to bear down or cough vigorously in order for the doctor to test for loss of urine.

Pelvic Ultrasound

This test can check for abnormalities of the genitals or urinary tract.


Urodynamics is a test that is performed to help better understand how your bladder functions. This test gives specific information relating to how your bladder muscles store and eliminate urine. It is important to know how your bladder functions to determine the best treatment for your symptoms.


Cystourethroscopy is a procedure routinely done using topical anesthetic. This procedure allows the physician to examine inside the bladder as well as the urethra while looking for any inflammation, cancers, or tumors that may be contributing to some urinary symptoms.

Conditions/Diagnosis Lake Forest - Patient Questionnaire
Sanjay Gandhi, M.D.

Sanjay Gandhi, M.D.
Partners in Pelvic Health North Shore Urogynecology

Conditions affecting the female pelvis are the focus at Partners in Pelvic Health North Shore Urogynecology. We provide effective solutions for these problems from our offices at Park City, Woodstock, and Lake Forest in Illinois.

Our team is headed by Sanjay Gandhi, MD, Urogynecologist. Dr. Gandhi’s specialized education included a residency in gynecology and obstetrics at Northwestern University and a three-year urogynecology fellowship. He is among a few in the country to pass the first examination in Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery (URPS) of The American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology. He also teaches healthcare students.